Impactions or tooth impaction is a condition that involves blocking of a tooth by a physical barrier such as neighboring tooth so that it cannot erupt into the dental arch within the expected development window. The impacted teeth do not erupt and they are retained throughout the concerned individual’s lifetime unless extracted or exposed surgically.
CAUSES OF IMPACTIONS – WHY THEY OCCUR
Impactions usually occur when one or more teeth fail to grow in the correct position and erupt below the normal gum line. The impactions may be complete such as the completely buried third molars (wisdom teeth) or partial when just a part of the tooth is visible in the mouth.
THE TREATMENT OF AN IMPACTED TOOTH – ITS NECESSITY
In case, the impacted teeth are not treated it may lead to medium or long-term problems such as tooth decay, infection, gum disease and dental cysts. The wisdom tooth impaction is the most common type of tooth impaction carried out by dentists. With the lower teeth impaction surgery, cost, surgical removal of impacted teeth is often recommended but may be optional unless your dentist recommends.
The tooth impaction surgery is usually minor painless procedure that is done using local or general anaesthesia. The advantages or benefits of tooth impaction surgery include-
- It prevents inflammation and infection of gums
- Overcrowding or damage to surrounding teeth
- Helps in preventing bad breath and tooth decay
- Avoids pain or swelling of the jaw
Where the wisdom teeth are completely erupted, the tooth or teeth will be removed without surgical intervention.
In case, the wisdom teeth are impacted or embedded in the bone the oral surgeons will put an incision into the gums and remove the teeth in sections to minimize the amount of bone being removed. At Kiran Skin & Dental Clinic our expert oral and maxillofacial surgeons have expertise in removal of bone impacted teeth especially wisdom tooth impaction.