Flap surgery also known as gingival flap surgery is a type of gum procedure used to treat gum disease (periodontitis) or periodontal disease. Flap surgery involves the surgical treatment of deep periodontal pockets (5 mm or more) due to infection that has settled beyond the reach of manual scalers. The flap surgery is one type of procedure used to access the deeper pockets of infection and clean them.
The flap surgery is done by periodontist by creating a three-sided flap in the gum tissue with one side still attached to the blood supply. The resulting opening resembles like a flap of an envelope.
By opening the flap, the surgeon can then have access to deep periodontal pockets to perform plaque removal, repair receded gum tissue or lost bone. After finishing the process, the surgeon then sutures the flap closed with self-dissolving stitches.
Flap surgery helps in reducing the size of the space between the gum and tooth thereby decreasing the areas where harmful bacteria can grow. It also helps in decreasing the chances of serious health issues pertaining to periodontal disease.
Types of Teeth Whitening – What are they
The different types of flap surgery include-
- Modified Widman Flap
- Kirkland Flap
The purpose of flap surgery is to treat deformities and tissue loss created by the gum disease thereby eliminating the “pockets” of diseased tissue to create and maintain periodontal health. The flap surgery is the most conservative and versatile approach to treat periodontal pocketing.
The flap surgery has evolved over the years with new techniques and materials advancing the art and science of dentistry. The expert periodontists of Kiran Skin & Dental Clinic have expertise in performing flap surgery with an ultimate goal of eliminating periodontal pockets to retain your healthy gums and teeth thereby eliminating the chances of serious gum diseases.